The three phases of the smart home

12th January 2015
Source: GreenPeak
Posted By : Nat Bowers

How technology is enabling homeowners to manage and control a diverse spectrum of home conditions, either from within the home or anywhere they can get an internet connection. By Cees Links, Founder & CEO, GreenPeak.

Imagine a houseful of sensors of various types; monitoring temperature, motion, presence, leaks, noise and more, all talking to a central home gateway that has both a local remote control or dashboard as well as a cloud connection that in turn can be accessed by a smart phone or smart device from anywhere in the world. Even more exciting, the smart home of the future will be really and truly smart; able to recognise individual members of the household and then adopt the home to their preferences.

In the really smart home of the future, not only will there be a multitude of various sensors throughout the house, there will be cloud based intelligence at play that will enable a single sensor to provide various roles within the smart home. For example, a motion sensor in an empty house can function as part of a security solution. The same sensor could function as part of an earthquake early warning system; triggering shut downs of gas and water utilities. The motion sensor could also function as human movement status alert, monitoring the movement of people within the home to make sure they are healthy and mobile. In yet another way, it can be used to recognise individual members of the family and then customise the home’s response for lighting, entertainment and environmental conditions to match the preferences of that specific person.

The Smart Home is rapidly approaching. Driven by the need by the cable operators to explore new revenue generating options such as home services, and facilitated by the arrival and acceptance of the worldwide ZigBee standard which enables devices from various manufacturers to all talk and work with each other. However, the smart home is still a work in progress; it will evolve in three major phases as various device and system manufacturers, service providers and consumers recognise the benefits and understand how these systems will all work together.

Phase one

The first phase has been in progress for the last three years or so. Almost every new STB or gateway device already has ZigBee built into to it to connect to the device’s new wireless RF remote control. This means that many households already have a ZigBee network, but the residents are not aware of it. To provide extra features and reduce customer service calls, cable TV and STB makers have been converting remote controls to RF for some time. A new generation remote control technology has recently been launched. Known as ZigBee Remote Control 2.0 (ZRC 2.0), this new networking control enables remotes to not only control the entertainment system as expected, but to control many of the other appliances and automated systems within the home. Plus they include what is known as Find My Remote. Press a button on your TV or appliance, and your missing remote will start buzzing or flashing.

Phase two

The second phase has also already started, as many of the world’s leading cable MSOs, broadband service providers and telcos have finally recognised the potential of the home services market and are starting to market and roll out a wide variety of new home automation and connected home services. These include family lifestyle and home health monitoring, temperature monitoring and control, home security, energy management, remote locking and unlocking of doors and windows, turning lights off and on, water and gas leak monitoring and similar services.

The underlying technologies and solutions have been around for a while but were limited in use to ‘early innovators’ and techie DIYers who would spend the time and effort needed to figure out how to make these disparate elements all work together. However, with the emergence of new standardised wireless communication technologies for low power, low data rate networking, there is finally a path for major industry players to make money. Numerous major home entertainment and internet service providers, as well as edge device manufacturers, have agreed upon the ZigBee communication standard as the path forward that will enable the smart house to take a giant step to becoming reality.

The 'Smart Home of the Future'

The 'Smart Home of the Future' will utilise a variety of sentrollers connected via ZigBee to cloud intelligence that will be able to customise the home environment to its residents, changing and evolving with them as they go through their daily rituals.

The next step is adding intelligence to reduce the need for a human being to be in the loop between sensing devices and the actual devices and appliances. Currently most smart home networks are essentially part of the Internet of People. To become truly the Internet of Everything, there needs to be intelligence at play that decodes the incoming information from the network of sensors and then directs the various devices to action. Advanced intelligence, whether living in the cloud or locally in the home control box or STB, will be able to assess the incoming data against a set of rules and then provide the appropriate response.

For example, a home’s motion sensor provides data whether somebody or something is moving nearby. In the middle of the day, when no one is supposed to be in the home, the motion alert will register as a possible security incident. However, in the evening, when the family is home, the same motion sensor will recognise the presence of a family member, and instead, will turn on or off the lights or activate the heating or air conditioning, depending on the time of the day, the location of the alert, the calendar season, as well as the temperature inside and outside the home.

Recently, GreenPeak announced a new Family Lifestyle System, a monitoring solution that incorporates a handful of motion and position sensors located on various doors in the home as well as on the home appliances. Over a period of a couple of weeks, the sensors are able to ‘learn’ the typical schedule of activities in the home and then, if there is a change in the pattern, send out an alert. For example, if Aunt Jane usually wakes at 6:00am, visits the bathroom at 6:30, goes outside to get the newspaper at 7, and makes coffee and toast at 7:15 and so on, the Lifestyle Monitoring networking can send an alert to her family or caregiver if none of these activities occur per her normal daily schedule. The real interesting aspect is that this happens without her having to carry any device, or needing any cameras installed in the home. She can just be herself, being assured that should something happen to her, it would not go unnoticed.

Phase three

The intelligent network can also learn individual family activities and preferences. If the woman of the house comes home at 7pm, the sensors can recognise her car parking in the driveway and then automatically activate the Electric Car Power recharging systems, unlock the front door, mange the lighting, turn on the air conditioning or heating as needed and even activate the entertainment system to play her favourite music.

This is the third phase of the smart home, when the house is smart enough to recognise who is in the house and to correctly adjust and customise the home experience for their optimum comfort. This third phase is in the preliminary state now. As the home sensor networks begin to roll out, and more and more sensors are installed throughout the home and the intelligence is developed and delivered, one day, maybe 20 years from now, we will wonder how we managed to live in a dumb home that doesn’t know how to behave.

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